A properly designed football field does not lie perfectly flat. Its middle portion is slightly raised to promote runoff of excess water. Without it, the field can become muddy & uncomfortable.
Some flat-Earthers conducted the perspective convergence ‘experiment’. They put a camera on the surface of a football field, and record a person walking away across the field. The person started to disappear from his feet first. Because they felt the football field is flat, they took the wrong conclusion that the person disappeared due to ‘perspective’. They were wrong. The field is, in fact, not perfectly flat. If it is perfectly flat, the person would appear fully at the end of the field.
Continue reading “Football Field and ‘Flat-Earth Convergence Experiments’”
We often see flat-Earthers create a ‘miniaturized physical model’ of a real object and present them as ‘proof’ in support of flat-Earth and against spherical Earth. Their M.O. is to observe if the model remotely resembles the actual object in a particular way. If it does, then it is enough for them to conclude the model describe how the real object works.
Conversely, if a real object cannot be miniaturized and still have the same behavior as the original object, they would conclude that the behavior of the original object doesn’t exist.
They would wrongly call creating such models “doing an experiment”.
Continue reading “The so-called “Experiment” Done by Flat-Earthers”
The apparent size of the Sun is practically constant throughout the day. This can only happen if the Sun is practically at the same distance all day.
In the flat-Earth model, the Sun is close to the surface at the distance of about 5000 km (3500 miles). The Sun is supposed to be moving in a circle, and it completes the circling motion once in a day. This fact should cause the Sun’s apparent size to change during the day. But it does not happen. The Sun’s constant apparent size is evidence that the flat-Earth model is wrong, and that the Sun is very far away.
Continue reading “The Apparent Size of the Sun”
Soundly’s pictures and videos of Lake Pontchartrain power lines and causeway really stirred up flat-Earthers’ nests. They clearly show the curvature of the Earth, where it is usually hard to discern. For the rest of us, those pictures are simply the consequence of the fact that the Earth is a globe.
But obviously, flat-Earthers can’t take this, and they invented various excuses to attack the credibility of these pictures and videos. Some of them look for specific vantage point where it is impossible or very hard to discern the curvature. They would conclude if the curvature can’t be seen from these viewpoints, then it should not be visible from Soundly’s viewpoints.
Continue reading “Perspective Compression: a Perspective Aid to Determine If a Curvature Exists”
One of the major holes in the flat-Earth model is the apparent motion of the Sun. The sun rises and sets once a day. But if the Earth is flat, then sunrises and sunsets should never happen, and the Sun would be visible all the time, from anywhere on Earth. In order to plug the hole and ‘explain’ this problem, they invented an ad-hoc hypothesis that the Sun sets because of perspective.
The pretext is that an object appears closer to the horizon as it is moving away from the observer. They extrapolated this fact and wrongly assume that if it keeps going, then eventually it will appear to go down crossing the horizon line and is no longer visible.
Continue reading “Perspective: Not the Reason a Sunset Occurs”
How much of Earth we can see at once depends on our distance from the Earth. The closer we are to the surface of the Earth, then the smaller part of the Earth we can see at once. Conversely, the farther we are from the Earth, more of the Earth are visible to us.
The difference in the size of North America in these pictures relative to the size of the Earth is often presented as “evidence” that we have been lied to. In reality, it is simply a perspective effect. The pictures are taken from a different distance from the Earth and with a different camera field of view.
Continue reading “The Size of North America in Pictures of the Earth Taken From Space”
Lake Pontchartrain is a lake in Louisiana, United States. There are power transmission lines about 24.27 km (15 mi) across this lake. They are practically straight and each tower is uniform and has the same height, making these towers ideal for observing the curvature of the Earth.
They are first popularized by Soundly who presented evidence of Earth’s curvature using a series of photos and videos of the power lines in June 2017. As of now, the towers and other objects on the lake are probably the most popular Earth curvature tourism spot in the world.
Continue reading “Lake Pontchartrain Power Transmission Lines: Evidence of Earth’s Curvature”
Some flat-Earthers consider crepuscular rays as evidence that the Sun is not far. In their mind, the Sun is only about ±5000 km circling above us. In reality, the actual distance of the Sun is ±150 million km.
Continue reading “Crepuscular Rays”