At any given time, there is an equal area of the Earth that is experiencing daytime, and that is having a night time. The reason is that the sun is very far, and it would illuminate a hemisphere of the Earth, and leave the other dark.
If we plot which areas of the Earth that are getting sunlight on an azimuthal equidistant map centered on the north pole, the sun would appear to illuminate a somewhat elliptical area during the northern hemisphere summer, and a lopsided Bat-Signal shaped area during the winter. During the equinox, the sun would appear to illuminate a half-circle area.
Continue reading “Day and Night Areas on a Flat Earth”
If we look south in any location in the southern hemisphere, we are going to see the same set of stars. The stars are seen rotating around the south celestial pole, in the Octans constellation, nearby the star Sigma Octantis.
This phenomenon is unexplainable in the flat-Earth model. Looking at the so-called ‘flat-Earth map’, we should see the different set of stars on the different location in the southern hemisphere. The reason is that the so-called ‘flat-Earth map’ does not represent the real Earth.
Continue reading “Stars in the Southern Sky: Evidence That the Earth is a Rotating Sphere”
When a sniper shoots a long-range target, if he is in the northern hemisphere, the bullet is deflected to the right. Conversely, if he is in the southern hemisphere, the bullet is deflected to the left.
The phenomenon occurs because the Earth is spherical and rotating.
Continue reading “Long-Range Snipers and the Coriolis & Eötvös Effects”
Diurnal motion is the apparent daily motion of stars around the two celestial poles due to Earth’s rotation. The stars move in a peculiar way that can only be explained in the spherical Earth model.
All the differences of diurnal motion that occur in the different latitudes on can never be explained in a flat Earth.
Continue reading “Diurnal Motion – Possibly the First Evidence of Spherical Earth”
The December solstice occurs between the 20th and 22nd in December, which is when the Sun reaches its most southerly excursion. Around this time, the northern hemisphere experiences winter, and conversely, the southern hemisphere experiences summer.
If we try to plot the areas that are having daytime and nighttime on the so-called ‘flat-Earth map’, the Sun would appear to illuminate an impossible area, similar to Batman’s bat-signal. This fact tells us that the ‘flat-Earth map’ does not conform with reality.
Continue reading “The December Solstice: When The Sun Illuminates An Impossible Shape in the Flat-Earth Model”
During the December solstice, on December 21, the Sun reaches its southernmost point. During this time, the northern parts of the Earth are experiencing the peak of winter, and conversely, the southern parts are experiencing the peak of summer.
Most flat-Earth denominations picture the sun shining like a spotlight, and they can’t explain what is happening in the southern parts of the Earth during the December solstice.
Continue reading “The Cities of Punta Arenas, Dunedin, and Murmansk During the December Solstice”
Long before GPS, navigators used a device called ‘sextant’ to determine the angle of a celestial body. From that data, the latitude of their current location can be determined.
This can only happen if the Earth is spherical.
Continue reading “Sextant: Determining Latitude from The Positions of the Stars”
The majority of the flat Earth models place the Arctic Ocean in the middle of the flat Earth, and Antarctica at the edge of it. The Sun is pictured floating and moving in a circle above it. The Sun’s area of light is limited to a circular area below it, like a spotlight.
A problem: a simple observation of day and night cycles in a different area of the world cannot be explained in this flat Earth model.
Continue reading “The Length of Daytime and Nights in the Flat Earth Model”
A cyclone or hurricane rotates in a different direction depending on which hemisphere it occurs. A cyclone rotates counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
This happens because of the Coriolis effect, which in turn occurs because the Earth is spherical and rotating.
Continue reading “Cyclonic Rotation: The Direction a Cyclone or Hurricane Rotates”
We can find out the duration of a flight route to roughly determine the distance between two locations. Then we can use this to determine which model better represents reality: the flat-Earth model or the spherical Earth model.
In the flat-Earth Model, the distances between two locations become more unreasonable as we go further south. To illustrate this fact, let’s use the flight route of Sydney-Santiago to help us with the calculations. This flight route is one of the most southernly flight routes. Continue reading “The Sydney-Santiago Flight Route: An Impossible Route on the Flat-Earth Model”