Proper Motion

Proper motion is the apparent motion of stars, caused by the movement of the stars themselves, relative to the solar system. Stars will appear to shift over time, relative to other, more distant stars.

Flat-Earthers assume stars are only in motion around Polaris, or the north celestial pole. They are wrong. Stars have other apparent motions, one of which is proper motion.

Barnard’s Star is the star with the highest proper motion. This star is moving at 10.3 arcseconds/year. Or, in 120 years, it would move about ±0.34° from its original position. For comparison, the Moon needs only ±37 minutes to travel the same distance across the sky.

Proper motion is very small to be subjectively perceived in the time scale of a human, but it doesn’t mean proper motion does not occur.

Because of proper motion, there are stars that have moved across the boundary of a constellation. The first star that did that is Rho Aquilae. In 1992, it moved from the constellation Aquila to the Delphinus. It still retains its original name Rho Aquilae even though it is no longer part of the constellation Aquila.